PortEco logo

PMID:19941873

From EcoliWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Contents

Citation

Maciejewska, AM, Ruszel, KP, Nieminuszczy, J, Lewicka, J, Sokołowska, B, Grzesiuk, E and Kuśmierek, JT (2010) Chloroacetaldehyde-induced mutagenesis in Escherichia coli: the role of AlkB protein in repair of 3,N(4)-ethenocytosine and 3,N(4)-alpha-hydroxyethanocytosine. Mutat. Res. 684:24-34

Abstract

Etheno (epsilon) adducts are formed in reaction of DNA bases with various environmental carcinogens and endogenously created products of lipid peroxidation. Chloroacetaldehyde (CAA), a metabolite of carcinogen vinyl chloride, is routinely used to generate epsilon-adducts. We studied the role of AlkB, along with AlkA and Mug proteins, all engaged in repair of epsilon-adducts, in CAA-induced mutagenesis. The test system used involved pIF102 and pIF104 plasmids bearing the lactose operon of CC102 or CC104 origin (Cupples and Miller (1989) [17]) which allowed to monitor Lac(+) revertants, the latter arose by GC-->AT or GC-->TA substitutions, respectively, as a result of modification of guanine and cytosine. The plasmids were CAA-damaged in vitro and replicated in Escherichia coli of various genetic backgrounds. To modify the levels of AlkA and AlkB proteins, mutagenesis was studied in E. coli cells induced or not in adaptive response. Formation of varepsilonC proceeds via a relatively stable intermediate, 3,N(4)-alpha-hydroxyethanocytosine (HEC), which allowed to compare repair of both adducts. The results indicate that all three genes, alkA, alkB and microg, are engaged in alleviation of CAA-induced mutagenesis. The frequency of mutation was higher in AlkA-, AlkB- and Mug-deficient strains in comparison to alkA(+), alkB(+), and microg(+) controls. Considering the levels of CAA-induced Lac(+) revertants in strains harboring the pIF plasmids and induced or not in adaptive response, we conclude that AlkB protein is engaged in the repair of epsilonC and HEC in vivo. Using the modified TTCTT 5-mers as substrates, we confirmed in vitro that AlkB protein repairs epsilonC and HEC although far less efficiently than the reference adduct 3-methylcytosine. The pH optimum for repair of HEC and epsilonC is significantly different from that for 3-methylcytosine. We propose that the protonated form of adduct interact in active site of AlkB protein.

Links

PubMed Online version:10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2009.11.005

Keywords

Acetaldehyde/analogs & derivatives; Acetaldehyde/toxicity; Cytosine/analogs & derivatives; Cytosine/metabolism; DNA Repair; Escherichia coli/genetics; Escherichia coli Proteins/metabolism; Mixed Function Oxygenases/metabolism; Mutagenesis; Mutagenicity Tests; Mutagens/toxicity; Transformation, Bacterial

Significance

You can help EcoliWiki by summarizing why this paper is useful

Useful Materials and Methods

You can help Ecoliwiki by describing the useful materials (strains, plasmids, antibodies, etc) described in this paper.

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO ID GO term name Evidence Code with/from Aspect Notes Status

EcoliWiki Links

Add links to pages that link here (e.g. gene, product, method pages)

See also

References

See Help:References for how to manage references in EcoliWiki.